Third, crop diversity, the restocking of soil and organic

Third, we
must reinforce management services to maintain a healthy environment for which
people to farm. Provisioning services can supply goods such as food and timber
to people living in the drylands. Regulating services can control hydrological
processes, such as water harvesting, storage, conservation, and irrigation
systems, which will help the soil stay fertile and create reserves in case of
drought periods. Supporting services will restore and rehabilitate ecosystem
processes with nutrient cycling, crop diversity, the restocking of soil and
organic nutrients, seed banks, terracing, reforestation, control of invasive
species, and reintroduction of selected species. Cultural services, such as
recreation, will be provided directly to people.

Fourth, the UN must advocate for
climate-smart approaches to agriculture that minimize soil disturbance, make
greater use of organic soil, and support diversification of crop species. Some practical measures include, improved early warning system
and water resource management, and sustainable pasture, forest and livestock
management. Many techniques exist such as aero-seeding over shifting sand
dunes, narrow strip planting, windbreaks and shelterbelts of live plants, agroforestry
ecosystems, reforestation, introduction of new species that are able to
tolerate dry and saline soil. Environment-friendly
benefits of these approaches include reduced nutrient pollution of soil and
water, increased resilience to climate shocks, and increased long-run
agricultural productivity.

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Fifth, we must advocate for
governments to concentrate on investments in public research to further develop
soil fertility enhancement, land and water management systems, and crop and
livestock breeding for varieties better adapted to the climate and ecosystems,
regardless of dependence on agriculture. Sixth, the UN must gather funds in
order to start rebuilding the socioeconomic state of drylands and request the
cooperation of all nations to spread awareness on this matter through various
forms of media that can reach areas in risk of desertification