The Mayan civilization has developed a complex agricultural system

The
need for more space to develop resources in order to support the world growth
has lead to deforestation. Deforestation is an activity of cutting, clearing
and destroying all the trees in particular area. Deforestation has been done
for some reasons whether it was done legally or illegally. This activity has
occurred due to the growing in population, so people need more agricultural
land for the industrial activity and to support country and society economy. This
essay will discuss the causes and effects of deforestation.

One
of the common causes of deforestation is the development of agriculture.

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Agricultural activities has biggest influence in deforestation as the
population keeps on increasing by years and demand for food are growing
(Pakenham, 2005). This situation has lead people to cut down trees and clear
the forests area to provide land for growing crops and raising livestock, so it
will meet people’s daily needs. Farmers diminish trees using slash and burn
technique because it can be done quickly (Stenstrup, 2009). For example, the
Mayan civilization has developed a complex agricultural system to support their
population. This system has collapsed as the demand for food, land and fuel
increasing (Pakenham, 2005). Agricultural land also been used for road
development and agricultural businesses such as commercial crops (McLeish,
2007). Roads were provided for entering the remote areas for transferring
goods. For instance, Indonesia is focusing on producing bio-fuels and palm tree
products, so they has changed the tropical forests to commercial palm tree
plantations (Lindsey, 2007). South America and Africa and South East Asia has
converted 13 million hectare of forest per year for agriculture land (Conserve
Energy Future, 2013). Half of the world’s tropical forests has already been
cleared to provide agricultural land.

Another
causes of deforestation is economic pressure. One of factor that be included in
economic pressure is tree was destroyed for economic survival (Golden and
Miller, 1994). This is because there are no alternatives jobs for loggers. They
remove the trees to gain extra money to support their life because it was hard
to find work and get paid. For example, Golden and Miller (1994) has reported
that a man has deforested more than 100 hectares in Guatemalan rain forest for
cutting down mahogany trees. It was the only source for him to earn money and
provided basic needs for his family. Second, there are some country has high
debt with other foreign country that more richer (Stenstrup, 2009). The country
are not able to pay the debt because they has owed in a large amount of foreign
debt, so they decided to clear the forests for crop production that can be
export in another country. For example, Brazil has cleared its rainforest for
crops such as timber, beef and soya to increase their international exports
(McLeish, 2007). Since Brazil has a huge foreign debt, more than half of their
earnings in export are used to pay the debt. Each countries need to find an
alternative ways to obtain money instead of diminishing the forests. There will
be no forests on earth for the future generation if countries keep on clearing
it because tropical forests only has a small percentage in this whole world.