St. Thomas Aquinas was an Italian philosopher widely renowned for his methodical, Aristotelian philosophy. He wrote the Summa Theologica, which defended many Christian beliefs by responding to other’s objections:one of the main teachings of the Summa Theologica was the cosmological arguments. This helps further explores the flow of new ideas coming into the church. Taking on from Aristotle’s philosophy, his responses to objections were nearly identical in format, no matter what the issue was. Aquinas’ personal life and methodical mindset contribute to his theology and different way of thinking, and students today can learn a lot from his beliefs and ideas not only religiously, but rhetorically.To understand St. Thomas’s revolutionary ideas for the Catholic faith we must understand a little about his life. Let’s begin with Thomas’s early childhood: St. Thomas was born around 1225 in Roccasecca, Italy. His father was Landulph, who was related to the Holy Roman emperor, Frederick I, and his mother was Theodora. Even though their families was related, they were treated as the low-class citizens. St. Thomas’s parents had a total of eight kids; St. Thomas was the youngest. At the age of five, he was sent to learn and live with the Benedictine monks. Both parents wanted this for their child, not only to become an enlightened monk but also to fulfill a prediction that foretold that St. Thomas will become a person of knowledge and divine teaching. At the age of thirteen, he was sent back to his home to study. Around this time in Rome, the knowledge of the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle had a huge revival all over the Catholic Church for his teachings in Ancient Greece. With this new revival, St. Thomas decided to study works from Aristotle and understand what his teachings meant. During this time he became more open to the idea of monks who were devoted to faith, but he still learned and taught about things that were considered “complicated” and “blasphemous.” St. Thomas liked feeling more independent rather than identifying with traditional church views. After this, Thomas went to the University of Naples to continue studying. During this time, his family hated that he had joined an order of Dominican monks. In 1250, St. Thomas was ordained in Germany and continued to pursue his life’s journey. While he was in school, he was referred to as the “dumb ox,” but St. Albert claimed that his teachings will be known throughout the world. At this time he began to bring up Aristotle’s points on a reason that relies heavily on faith rather than reason. St. Thomas continued to write on his ideas and began to receive recognition for his views not only of the church but of philosophy but also his ideas on the existence and being outside the Catholic Church. St. Thomas is most known for the Summa Theologica, which takes ideas of God’s existence, the human soul, the purpose of the reason given by God, and many more ways in which he goes in-depth on these topics; consequently, he worked on it throughout his life and even was still writing it up until his later years in life. His legacy will continue to go on throughout time, especially in the Catholic Church. It was not until nearly fifty years later that he was canonized as the saint on July 18, 1323, by Pope John XXII.When St. Thomas learned about Aristotle’s teachings, there was a huge debate within the Catholic Church. This debate narrowed down to the topic that has been going on all through the creation of religion which is ” Church vs. Logic” or “Faith vs. Reason.” When it came to Aristotle’s teachings, it did not contradict the ideas of the church but rather had a different view, but for a long time, it was not as widely popular as Plato. This view goes back to the teachings of Aristotle and Plato. Plato believed that truth was abstract;if an idea is true, it must completely be true. He also claimed that the world around us is merely a copy of a perfect item, person, or idea. But, it will never truly be perfect in this world, which is a copy of a perfect thing. Aristotle has a different ideology, claiming that the world was the truth, that this place is fact and truth can change over time. This was significant due to the fact that in the beginning of the Catholic Church, specifically, they relied heavily on Plato’s view of the world and based most of the church’s ideology from it. This caused the Church to be very closed minded and refrain from expanding on many ideas and theories until much later. St. Aquinas not only continued the success of the ideology of Aristotle but he used this knowledge to reform the church’s closed minded thinking and lead a new way of thinking all throughout the church. In his arguments found in the Summa Theologica, Aquinas would begin by listing objections of the opposition. He would list two to three objections, which were usually statements rather than questions, contrary to the objections of today (Aquinas page #). Nowadays, objections are much more inquisitive. People often ask “how can God exist?” or “what is the purpose of this?” By listing objections as statements, Aquinas is making it easier for readers to understand the opposition’s beliefs. It can be difficult to find a speaker’s stance on an issue if they are simply asking a question. When Aquinas words his objections as statements, it is clear as to what he is responding to. When he is about to provide his own stance, Aquinas interjects with “On the contrary”. This statement creates a very clear transition to opposing evidence. Another transitional phrase, “I answer that” is used to shift to Aquinas’ own stance (cite). When providing his stance, Aquinas speaks almost as if he is writing a letter to the opposition. This makes his philosophy much easier to accept and understand. However, once he has finished providing his personal ideas in a less punctually formatted fashion, he replies to each objection individually. Using this outline for responding to objections, Aquinas has created a very understandable theology. Humanity looks for patterns, and once readers find patterns within the way he writes, they will keep looking for that pattern and therefore understand Aquinas’ beliefs much more easily. Had Aquinas simply written an unformatted book, readers would have to search each paragraph individually for the messages they are trying to convey. Instead, they can go article by article, picking out each objection and reply. This methodical style helps contribute to his Aristotelian philosophy and helps prove his theories. Aquinas helped spread ideas of God to people who were not Catholic or did not believe in God. He gave people these ideas by relying on Aristotle’s principles. The Muslim people became so that people were cast out or even killed for preaching a different way of thinking in the Muslim religion. Atheists and philosophers commonly criticized how the Catholic church or any religion for that fact can’t prove the existence of a God , but the Church found ways to disprove their arguments with the proofs or use it for their own ways to prove God exists both in reason and in faith. During this time people who were from different religions and who joined the Church were commonly looked upon as idiotic or not capable of knowing the full extent of the it. This was commonly the case with Muslim people or people who came from a polytheistic religion, commonly from eastern civilizations. During this time, a similar situation appeared in the Islamic and Muslim cultures. In which Aristotle brought back open-minded and free-thinking ideas, these came along but were soon being replaced with ideas that destroyed the religion’s reputation. In Summa Theologica, Aquinas talks about how we can describe God or how we can show how our universe was made and how we can be able to use this knowledge to spread the teaching. First was motion, in which everything was set in motion and something had to start it, suggesting the existence of a God. The problem with this is that the universe was here and the universe is infinite or it could have been that god came from nothing, this is known infinite regressing. This can be used to either prove or disprove the theory about the creation story. The second one explained that everything causes something else but something must have been the first cause. Here, there is a contingency that delves into the notion that everything could have all been not caused by the current state of events, meaning that God must have always been here. Good vs. Evil is another one of the most common theories on the creation of the universe. This suggests that in the world around us, there must be an ultimate good and evil to balance each other out, and that the ultimate good could be God. This could also be used by people who believe in gods that are completely evil, like the devil. Then finally there is “the grand designer theory” this world is too perfect for their not to be a God. It states that the world around us is perfect for human life and that it could not have happened on its own. This specific proof has caused the most controversy with flaws in this world and in humans. For example, why do humans wisdom teeth when most of the time they mess up a person’s teeth and can cause huge discomfort for that person?Now, “why does the meanings of existence actually matter?” couldn’t people be accepting to the idea that god is here in spirit and that he has existed all throughout time and space. The reason why this was so important was that many Christians based their ideology from Anselm’s way of understanding the purpose of God. Anselm explained that God is both fake and real, meaning he is both here and not here. This is what many people have believed for a long time all throughout the Church. People might question its importance, but as long as a person believes in god is all that matters. This matters not only as a new way of thinking; it allowed people to discuss and talk about St. Thomas’ theories and develop their own based on his theories. Without this, the whole world might have been completely different than most people might have acted, similar to the puritans. In many cases, especially right now, people are using strict religions and people are dying because they can’t move on from ideas that are outdated and set out to cause harm to people. People may have caused an uproar within the church to explain a deeper reason for what is God and what is the purpose of life.How can people outside of the Church use this knowledge? For most people, we constantly wonder why we as humans exist in this place with no purpose. People turn to religion for meaning in their life, whereas others turn and view the world as it is. No one, including people who are a part of organized religion, can say or prove that a God exists. This is true no matter what any philosopher or religious fanatic says it’s not possible. But these arguments and theories on creation can be used as a stepping stone to show that religion could be flawed but it still hold a valid argument to those from other religions or for people who don’t believe in anything at all. This may not prove the existence of god but it is a better answer than god came from nowhere. People like atheists can take these works by St. Thomas, criticise them and be able to give arguments about them. A huge part of the argument for being an atheist is that there is no proof of a God, orr that nobody can know was God created. So a person might use St. Thomas’s five theological arguments and use them to disprove the idea that a God really exists. Philosophers all time have always judged famous books and teachings. This was no different for St. Thomas, who commonly criticized and analyzed both biblical and non biblical texts, going into extreme detail for some of them. Most notable were his texts on Aristotle, a good example being his point on the Nicomachean Ethics in which St. Thomas Aquinas goes on to analyze Aristotle’s views ethics, morals and virtues. Not only other Philosophers St Thomas also criticized and analyzed religious authorities like Pope Gregory I on his commentary Job and Commentary. Even criticising and analyzing many parts of the bible, both Old and New Testament. Also St. Thomas gives his political opinions on people who were ruling at the time like Conrad Iv and Henry the VII. These realizations and analyses on these topics help continue to form this new way of thinking throughout the Church . All in all “why is Thomas Aquinas important in history?” still some may not be convinced or are blind to see without St. Thomas Aquinas did for the catholic faith and future of philosophy. What St. Thomas Aquinas did was start a new idea of changing, yes ideas are constantly being changed all throughout time but St. Thomas helped reform the Catholic Church. This may not be a simple as one may think; the Church, specifically the Catholic Church Is one of the most closed minded religions out there was somehow able to open up to new ideology. Thomas Aquinas was a renowned christian philosopher who open the door to a new way of thinking in the catholic church. He wrote the Summa Theologica explains the human soul and the creation or development of a god in this universe. He made Aristotle’s works more renowned and convinced the catholic church to establish a new way of thinking that made the church more open minded and reasonable. Both religious and non religious people can learn from St. Thomas’s new way of thinking to ether strengthen a person’s argument for a god or it can be used to further exploit the church’s reasoning for a God. But Aquinas still made the church give people this new line of thinking.