Northshore (ndss.org) Down syndrome will affect every 1 in

Northshore Community CollegeDown Syndrome Birth – School age.Ryley CrehanChildren with Special NeedsProfessor WolkiewiczDecember 6, 2017Ryley CrehanProfessor WolkiewiczChildren with special needsDecember 6, 2017Down syndromeA baby is typically gets 23 pairs of chromosomes, when a baby gets a partial or full extrachromosome they will be born with down syndrome as a result of having a full or partial extrachromosome. (ndss.org) Down syndrome will affect every 1 in 700 babies in the united states ofAmerica. Down syndrome is not the only chromosomal condition but it is the most common,”About 6,000 babies with Down syndrome are born in the United States each year.” (ndss.org)There are two different types of down syndrome, TRISOMY 21 (NONDISJUNCTION) andMOSAICISM.Nondisjunction, “…results in an embryo with three copies of chromosome 21 instead ofthe usual two. Prior to or at conception, a pair of 21st chromosomes in either the sperm or theegg fails to separate.” (ndss.org) Nondisjunction is the most common type of Down syndromeand affects about 95% of the cases of down syndrome. Mosaicism or often referred to as, mosaicDown syndrome, “…diagnosed when there is a mixture of two types of cells, some containing theusual 46 chromosomes and some containing 47. Those cells with 47 chromosomes contain anextra chromosome 21.” (ndss.org) Mosaic Down syndrome only affects about 1% of Downsyndrome cases it is the least common form of Down syndrome. People who have researchedand studied Mosaic Down syndrome have found that, “…individuals with mosaic Downsyndrome may have fewer characteristics of Down syndrome than those with other types ofDown syndrome. However, broad generalizations are not possible due to the wide range ofabilities people with Down syndrome possess.” (ndss.org)At birth a baby with Down syndrome will have or are most likely to have a specific set ofdifferent physical characteristics. These physical characteristics include, a small nose, almondshaped eyes, hyperextending joints, a deep line down the center of their palm, muscle tonedeficiency, a Larger gap in between the big toe and second toe, a flat profile with a rounded face.(parenting.com) A child born with Down syndrome is more likely to have health risks andproblems. Some of the health problems that they could have are, “respiratory difficulties, heartdefects, digestive issues, hearing loss and vision problems.” (parenting.com) While these health problems are common with babies who have Down syndrome notevery baby will have these health issues. It is recommended to find the right pediatrician andspecialists for your child who has down syndrome. These specialists can help you and your childfrom the start. For example, “pediatric physical therapists or sensory integration specialists canwork with your child from the earliest months to help improve muscle tone, increase flexibilityand decrease overstimulation that can often agitate children with sensory issues.”(parenting.com)In the toddler years specialists and therapists will help children who have Downsyndrome in a number of ways. A child with Down syndrome is proven to be capable of living a”normal” life it just sometimes takes a little extra help and time. Therapists and specialists canhelp a toddler with Down syndrome typically the child will receive Early intervention. Earlyintervention may include, “… special educators, speech therapists, occupational therapists,physical therapists, and social workers.” (nichd.nih.gov) The earlier a child receives these Earlyintervention services the earlier the child can thrive, succeeded, develop, and improve skills. Achild with down syndrome can start early intervention soon after birth and receive these servicesuntil they are 3 years old. (nichd.nih.gov)After a child with down syndrome turns 3 and their early intervention services stop theycan receive services through their school district. Most of the time a child with Down syndromecan receive free public education and through that they can receive the extra help that they needto succeed. (nichd.nih.gov) The services that a child receives in the public-school system aredesigned to meet their own specific individual needs. It has been proven that a child with downsyndrome can have great success being in a classroom with their peers who do not have specialneeds. (parentcenterhub.org)The parents of the child and the school will work together to develop an IEP for a childwho has Down syndrome. The IEP will, “include annual goals for learning and much more.”(parentcenterhub.org) It is so important for the parents of the child who has Down syndrome tobe included in the development of an IEP. The reasoning for this is because parents can supportthe child’s goals outside of school through other activities. They also know their child the best,especially outside of a school setting. Also, parents “…are often very knowledgeable about thedevelopment and education of children with Down syndrome‚Ķ” (mdsc.org) Parents are a hugeadvocate for their child and often have been for their whole life. Including them in thedevelopment of an IEP is crucial for building a successful Individual Education Plan for a childwith Down syndrome. There are many myths about Down syndrome, one of them being that people that havedown syndrome do not live a very long life and today that is completely false. Today with all ofthe research and medical attention, someone who has Down syndrome can live a very longhealthy, happy life. Another misconception of people who have Down syndrome is that theycannot live a “normal” life. Often when parents receive the news that they’re going to have achild with Down syndrome they are saddened and feel like their child will not live a “normal”life. This is completely false and parents quickly realize that, that statement is completely false.People with Down syndrome can thrive and with the right support they can reach their owngoals, attend school, pass exams, get a job, get married, and live semi-independent lives. (ds-int.org)