Elise to her that she would become and activist

Elise Biorn-Hansen (name before marriage) was born in Oslo, Norway in 1920 on July 6. She lived in Oslo, Norway until she was three years old, when her family decided to move to the United States. At the height of the World War II, Hitler’s Germany invaded Norway, in April of 1940. This caused Elise and her family major heart ache. The country that they knew and loved was no longer a safe place. From that day forward, it was clear to her that she would become and activist to promote peace around the world. As a young child she had claimed to have felt the presence of God. Later at the age of 9 years old she began to attend a local Protestant church by herself. She had attended the church regularly, and she eventually developed a friendly relationship with the minister’s wife. Elise found a sense of peace within her friendship that the minister’s wife became her spiritual mentor. When she got into her teens, she was still confused about knowing God. She felt inside that, “no religion can quite fulfill her needs, so she will make her own religion,” saying to her mother. She, herself was inspired by her mother, who in Norway had marched in peace parades. Her mother was also a social worker for girls who worked within the Norwegian Factories. She and her mother had shared the same memories for Norway, as they thought of their home as a “safe place.” This changed when Elise was on her last year of college, when the Nazis had invaded Norway. It was then Elise decided to embrace Pacifism. She began attending Quaker meetings, which were introduced to her by her college friends. After this, she decided that if a “safe place” were to exist in this world, she would have to work hard to help create it. It was then decided, by fate, that this was Elise’s calling as a Friend. Soon after becoming a Quaker, Elise was open to a new gateway of opportunities. In 1941 at a Quaker meeting in Syracuse, New York, she met her future husband. Kenneth Boulding was also a well-known, accomplished academic economist, international peace researcher, and poet. Kenneth lived up to be one of Elise’s strongest influences throughout her life and they both realized they were searching for the same goals. In 1941, Kenneth and Elise marry and begin their life together as a husband and wife team on a quest for peace. Kenneth became a college professor teaching at various universities and colleges, while Elise served as a homemaker to five children and an activist.  Her great experience as a mother convinced her that people can be taught peace.  She believed that the mother in a family could influence how the future generation of children could create a peaceful society.  Also, the power of family and early education are the foundation for making history. Elise still on her quest for peace and the family unit, received her master’s degree in Sociology from what is now called Iowa State University in 1949.  During their time in Iowa, Elisa was able to observe and work with the local farming families. This work allowed her to see how the war affected the father’s capability of integrating with his family. She believed if the father had close bonds with his wife and children before he left for war, he could return and continue to live his family life.  Her time in Iowa was the inspiration to write and publish her book called, One Small Plot of Heaven: Reflections on Family’s Life by a Quaker Sociologist. In the late 1960’s, Elise continued to be involved with different peace organizations. Elise and Kenneth Boulding founded the International Peace Research Association in 1965.  Their goal was to turn conflict into something stimulating. With this new platform, Elise became the international chairwoman of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom. This organization sought to bring together women of different political views and philosophical and religious backgrounds determined to study and make known the causes of war and work for a permanent peace and to unite women worldwide. 1969, Elise received her doctorate in sociology from the University of Michigan.  Also, during this year, the United States was at war again.  This time it was with Vietnam.  The memories of her childhood during WWII came back to haunt her.  She felt she must make every effort to help our country and protect our families.  As an active opponent of the Vietnam War, Dr. Boulding ran for Congress on a Peace Platform in Ann Arbor, Michigan. She was defeated. In 1973 she spent a year in retreat in a mountain cabin outside Boulder, CO, where she began writing her seminal work on women, The Underside of History, a View of Women Through Time. Her last book, Cultures of Peace: the Hidden Side of History, is a celebration of the many ways peace is made in everyday places and hidden spaces and its writing was a culmination of her life’s work. She taught at the University of Colorado until 1978, when she joined the faculty at Dartmouth. There, she headed the sociology department and helped establish a peace studies department. In the course of her career, she wrote numerous articles and more than 10 books. Dr. Boulding was appointed by President Jimmy Carter in 1979 to the Commission which established the United States Institute of Peace. as the only woman to sit on the Commission to establish the U.S. Institute of Peace. She was nominated for the 1990 Nobel Peace Prize by the American Friends Service Committee, the service arm of the Quaker faith, which was a co-recipient of the Nobel in 1947. While doing this she also introduced peace studies to public schools. Between most of her experiences she had focused on the networking of international religious and peace organizations and education. “…We’re never going to have respectful and reverential relationships with the planet and sensible policies about what we put in the air, the soil, the water if very young children don’t begin learning about these things literally in their houses, backyards, streets and schools. We need to have human beings who are oriented that way from their earliest memories.” One of the major theoretical focuses for Boulding was the idea of peace as a daily process. She began to challenge the idea of peace as a dull, static process and advocated for a concept she termed “peaceableness.” Her work began to emphasize a personal and interpersonal promotion of peace. The theory of peace would have to involve shaping and reshaping understandings and behaviors to adapt to constantly changing world and sustain well-being for all.  She felt in order to accomplish peace, one must review the history of conflicts. “No two human beings are the same and as a result conflict becomes an integral part of any social order.” There had always been struggles over politics and religion, however the world’s expanding interdependence makes it necessary to promote openness and flexibility for the sake of coexistence. Within the peace culture, they will normally welcome differences, and recognizing them as potential source of conflict. Elise would lead on to write several pamphlets on the Quaker educational philosophy. She began to single out key certainties and hoped she could advance world peace and nonviolence. She published several works and gave frequent talks on this and related subjects. It was what she strove in many Friends’ organizations and newsletters she contributed to or developed, among them the American Friends Service Committee and the Committee on Friends Responsibilities in Higher Education and Research. Boulding also expressed on the role of family in the Peace Process. She had claimed that families are the”practice ground for making history.” She would emphasize family as the environment that stops individuals from their own plans in the future. Elise was not only a sociologist, but a family sociologist, and she believed in the in the innate worth of every child in the world. This believe only spiraled from her devotion to Quakerism in the first place. From her Research, Boulding developed an ideology that places an importance on the influential order on children to create a better society. She had a vision that they would be the co-creators of foreseen future towards adults. Through her knowledge she would inform others to take their children very seriously. They converse with them completely and listen to them completely to their statements. Within her collection of writings, one represents. Elise Boulding was known to resolve conflict by talking and relating everything to peace. One time specifically Elise had to resolve between Men and Women with a fight for power. It was April 14, 1943 and Elise and her Husband Kenneth were attending a meeting at the Religious Society of Friends. A young man was trying to speak and resolve an issue that currently troubling the group. As he began, to speak, one of the woman had attended the meeting and had thought she had a solution to the problem. When she tried to speak out and solve the problem, another gentlemen kindly asked her to sit down. As the man had said that, the woman continued to stand saying that she could resolve the problem. Again the man would ask her to sit down and stay quiet, but the women still refused to stay in her seat. For a third time, the man had asked her to sit down, but the woman refused, and spoke aloud saying,”We can solve this problem if you would just bother to hear me out.” This angered the man as he proceeded to get up from his seat, and exit the meating house. Along with him followed most of the men. Little did the Bouldings know, this would be the start of a major conflict, bigger than the one they were already facing. The next day, at the meeting house the group of men had come back and they were wearing nearly provoked Elise herself. They had worn a shirt on saying, “WOMEN HAVE NO POWER.” Usually the meeting house would be crowded with Men and Women all sitting together in the pews, however today was as the men group, had forced the all the women on their side to sit over on the left side. At first Elise and Kenneth had no idea what to think about this situation, but Kenneth had explained to just wait and let them sort things out. Just the woman from, had marched into the meeting house and had a stern look on her face as she proceeded to move to the left side with her following group of women. The man who had provoked her greeted her in the slightest way, which led to woman delivering on his face. All the men watched as the leader of their groups face began to puff up in redness. The man was angered and in a loud voice he began to shout saying,” I refuse to be in the meeting house would these outrageous women. Then conflict rose up as both groups stood up and held their ground as if a war were about to break out. Elise and Kenneth had rushed over to conflict, but mistakes were as Elise was forced onto the women’s side and Kenneth on the men’s side. This separation would be the first of many within this war for power among men and women. Later after the meeting, Elise and Kenneth had began to talk about a solution to the problem, however Kenneth’s nostalgia, was high as he still insisted that Elise let them burn each other out, but Elise had a feeling that this was only the beginning. Kenneth comforted her saying that they can’t too much considering they don’t have weapons and how that it was just silly bickering. For a moment Elise felt calm, however surprises were to come upon on as the morning sun braised their faces. But that did not wake Elise, as Elise was woken by the sound of gunfire. She had shaken Kenneth to awake, and he too had heard the gunfire. As Kenneth looked he gave Elise a look and said,”You don’t think…” His sentence was cut short as a bullet went through their window and nearly both of them. Elise gave Kenneth a look, and said,”Yes, it’s them.” Elise thought at first had they stopped this in the first place, none of this could have occured. Elise and Kenneth proceeded outside and that had been a mistake. As one foot touched the ground the couple cowered in fear as men and women had rushed into the scene. The women carrying Elise and hesitating to shoot the men and the men carrying Kenneth as they hesitated to shoot the women. After they were grabbed the coupe had been to dragged to opposite sides of the battlefield. Elise was then greeted treacherously by the leader of the women’s group the same woman as the one from the meeting house. The women began to talk to her saying that she was a traitor for having been with Boulding, and the leader had spoken to Elise that she would be over constant watch, as traitor’s don’t walk over the battlefield. Kenneth had received the same treatment, only he beaten harshly, however the leader would give him the same punishment as Elise. Once again another separation occurs for the Bouldings. Elise while being underwatch would constantly see women coming in and some with weapons and some with wounds, and on rare occasion she would see the lifeless bodies being carried in. This concerned Elise and would haunt her at the site of what was to be the soldiers armed. Kenneth had experienced the same thing as he would see the bodies being carried in and more soldiers being forced out and neglected to fight. The only thing that was on the Bouldings mind was that if the other was okay. This Conflict had grown into a full out war between men and women. Elise did not like this at all as she was a pacifist and was against war itself. Elise knew she had to do something, but as she was being watched she had no idea how to resolve a problem she had no control over. A three days had passed as the Buildings were restricted and under constant watch. It was then called that the leaders were to called to front of the line to engage in a no-turn back stance to resolve the war. As she the leader of the women move out of the base and all of her soldiers following her. The same case occurred for Kenneth, as he thought that this was his opportunity to contact his wife. Kenneth took this chance and contacted the base where Elise was being held. He was able to make contact, as Elise answered with,”are you ok?” Kenneth assured that he was fine, and asked the same of Elise. They agreed that they were both fine. Elise then took action and began talking about there concerning problem now. At first, Kenneth was ready to settle this, but first he apologized saying we should have just resolved this earlier. “We could have just resolved all of this earlier, but I thought it would all blow over.” Elise forgave, but that there were bigger matters at hand. The Bouldings began to plan, however at that moment groups of soldiers were rushing all having concerned faces on their appearance. Elise and Kenneth both were rushed to the ground as the soldiers came, but not before seeing that bothe of the leaders had been shot down. Apparently the standoff was a draw and a new leader would have to be selected. All this meant was that the war was over. Elise had already deposited the war when it started, but as soon she saw the leader being carried in it was if she had lost a friend. This lead Elise to mourn, however she was overcome with, shouting,”THIS COULD HAVE BEEN AVOIDED, BUT  ALL F YOU ARE AT FAULT!!!” She then was knocked out by a gun to back of her head. She would lay their for hours with little movement, but this gave her time to think as she would end this war no matter what it would take. Elise awoke to find herself on a bed that was made for a soldier. Around there were still soldiers on watch, so it appeared she wasn’t getting into contact with Kenneth anytime soon. She knew the war still going on, but the question in her mind was for how long it would last. Little did Elise the war would last for two more years. It was now 1945 and Elise had was still being held captive as well as Kenneth. She had been planning about how she would make her escape and how she would try to speak peace, towards both sides. Elise had been thinking that if she were able to get both side into the same room that she would be able to convince them to end the war. Another event occured and all of the soldiers were being sent out to the field. Elise thought it would be her chance to in contact with Kenneth, but there was a problem. After her first contact with Kenneth, the new leader had assigned a soldier to watch over Elise this time. She began to think about what she could do, however nothing came to mind until she remembered that she wasn’t going to give up no matter what it took. She made her attempt at speaking with the guard. Countless times Elise was rejected and turned down by guard, until Elise found a way to break the ice. She began to speak saying,”How many of your friends have you lost in this war… don’t you think it’s time to be over.” The guard responded saying,”I’m doing what I was told to do and I follow what leader believes.” Elise responded,”Does your leader believe in death… in violence… in brutal slaughter… that’s who you chose to follow!” Elise became enraged, but she managed to keep her cool and began to convince the guard that violence was not the answer. The guard began rethink Elise and continued to listen. Elise continued saying that women must demonstrate to men that they deserve the same power they have by ending this conflict. The guard needed a moment and by Elise’s word she was enlightened and set Elise free. Elise took the opportunity to contact Kenneth once again. As soon as contact was made she was able to explain her plan to Kenneth and he agreed. Elise and Kenneth both ran out of their bases and avoided any type of gunfire. While Kenneth drew the men into one side of the meeting house Elise led the women into the other side. As they approached, Elise and Kenneth had run to the top to where the booth was. At first the men and women hesitated again to shoot at each other again. Both leaders yelled,”HOLD YOUR WEAPONS!!!” There was no more hesitation as the leaders came to to the center of the meeting house. Elise saw a problem as the leaders were getting into position for a standoff. They aimed both guns at each other, but Elise came in quickly saying,”Stop this madness at once!” Both guns lowered and for moments the meeting house became. Elise proceeded to explain to everyone that they needed to take a seat. There was conflict at first, but as Kenneth approached as well suggesting everyone need to a seat, the conflict died down. The guard who Elise had enlightened before had stood and stepped near the booth towards where Elise saying,”Thank you for enlightening me.” She proceeded to sit near and it was Elises moment to bring a stop to this ar once and for all. She began to speak to the women’s side saying that violence in not and will never be the answer. Continuing on saying the amount of soldier’s that they lost… was it worth it? She had caught the women’s attention when she said,”You must demonstrate to the men that you deserve the same power, by being the ones to end this conflict… if a man started then a lady can surely finish it. At that moment, the leader of women’s side had stepped to booth asking Elise to say something. She began,”Men and women… look at what we have turned into… it’s time we settle this difference and finally open are eyes to what is possible.” All of the women had stood up and had begun to drop their weapons. One by one guns were thrown on the floor and the women began to reflect on what they done and who they had become. After this scene, the men were still in question as to why they should even think about about listening to women. The leader stood up saying,” How do we know that it’s not a trick or if you are even responsible enough to accept any role of power given to you.” With that sentence the women began to converse again saying that if they to prove they’ll prove it. For a day, the war was held to stop. The soldiers had stripped themselves of their uniforms and back into everyday clothing. The next day, the men and women had returned to the Meeting House to discuss the problem they were having before the war started. This, however, when one of the women had a solution, no told her to sit down or to be quiet. It turned out that the women had good facts and evidence, and had proven themselves worthy as to why they should have equal power towards men in important positions. Then the men have a revelation, and begin to see that that they were wrong and that women have good points. A question had been murmured in the crowd,”Why shouldn’t we men give women the same opportunities that we have been given. It was then seen in the men’s eyes that violence was no the answer to solving problems, that can be handled with simple talking. After this one day in the meeting house, the next day had been a revelation towards everyone. The men and women were back to sitting together and had discussing the problem equally amongst each other. Men were apologizing and Women apologizing as well. Jobs were also being decided. One was decided to be the first woman speaker instead of a man. From there whenever Elise saw any male and female working together, it would always warm her heart to see them in peace, without weapons or conflict. To that came a peaceful conclusion and Elise, as she had originally thought, she had made her meeting house a “safe place.”