CHAPTER most hospitable and caring country of the world

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

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The Philippines is one of the most
hospitable and caring country of the world we take care for our elders at home
unlike other country they place them on a nursing institution. Our country hasstatistics indicated that from 2003 – 2004 the
Philippine population of 84 million, 2.9 percent of this is beyond 65 years old.
Almost a decade ago, the elderly population has increased to 4.3 percent of
total population from 2014 to 2015, senior citizens constitute an important
sector of any society. They work as judges and justices, politician, full
professors in universities and colleges, school principals, lay leaders in
churches, and of course grandparents to us. We must treat them the respect and
for the state they must provide our senior citizen a better living after
retirement the state must provide enough health assistance and invest on
technology to ensure the betterment of our senior citizen.

As we grow older we may face a
tough health challenge by taking aware of this we may prevent ourselves on
getting this type of chronic disease, based on World Health Organization
dementia is one of the top seven disabling chronic disease in the general
population.

            Twenty-four
satellites are circling the Earth two times a day and transfer signals to
global positioning system (GPS) receivers. The system is owned by the US
military, but anyone in the world can access it to get their location and find their
way around. It can help people specially dementia patient this can be a
lifesaver for them in some cases.

People with dementia can use a
GPS device to help them feel safer when wandering outdoors. There are devices
that can provide additional functions, such as an alarm button to call for
help. The location of the person carrying the device can be tracked and viewed
on a computer, tablet or mobile phone by another person but GPS works
accurately when the device, or receiver, is outdoors.

Patients that have dementia leaving
a building to walk outside is at risk of getting lost. Dementia is a condition that
can affect a person’s ability to find their way around and their capacity to
remember and process things they see.

 

Dementia is not a specific
disease. It’s an overall term that describes a variety of symptoms related with
a decline in memory or other thinking skills harsh enough to decrease a
person’s ability to perform everyday task. Alzheimer’s disease considers 60 to
80 percent of cases, meanwhile vascular dementia, which come off after a
stroke, is the second most frequent dementia type. However, there are many
other conditions that can cause symptoms of dementia, including certain type that
are reversible, such as thyroid problems and vitamin deficiencies. Dementia is
often incorrectly referred to as “senility” or “senile dementia,” which is not
appropriate because serious mental decline is not a normal part of aging.

Symptoms of dementia have many
varieties, but at least two of the following core mental functions must be
significantly impaired to be considered it dementia these are memory,
communication and language, ability to focus and pay attention, reasoning and
judgment and visual perception.

1.1   Project
Context

People with dementia, of which
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause in seniors, have cognitive
impairments that prevent them from recognizing familiar signposts in their
environment, causing them to easily become lost – even on their own street.
Sufferers also lose their peripheral vision, causing their eyesight to tunnel.

Dementia is a general term for a
decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life. Memory
loss is an example. Alzheimer’s disease is an irreversible, progressive brain
disorder that slowly destroys memory and thinking skills and, eventually, the
ability to carry out the simplest tasks.

            Considering
the information, the researchers focused on helping the senior citizen with
dementia and Alzheimer’s disease

 

 

 

 

 

1.2 Purpose and Description

The researchers developed a
system that helps a certain family with elderly affected by dementia or
Alzheimer’s disease according to the gathered data. The family of a patient can
track and locate their loved ones using the system. Monitoring a family with a
dementia or Alzheimer’s disease can reduce risk for them because you can view
anytime the location of your affected loved ones.

The study helps the dementia
patient to prevent instances of wandering and lost cases. To enlighten these patients on how to
minimize the occurring symptoms of dementia through an automated MMSE
(Mini-Mental State Examination).

The study helps the family with
affected member to monitor and locate the position of their family member
affected by this chronic disease.

The study will also help law
officials to minimize the search of missing person through our web application
app that does have all the person information and physical description.

 

1.3 Objectives of the Study

General Objective

            The goal of our proposed study is
to create a system that will help the public to monitor and locate missing
persons with dementia and Alzheimer’s Diseases using their phones’ location or
wearable hardware device with GPS sensors.

Specific Objectives

1.    To develop a system that will locate
missing users with their current location and notify the person searching for
them using a wearable hardware device with GPS module and microcontroller.

2.    To create a system that will help the
users to view the patients’ previous trips.

3.    To provide a list of reported missing
cases of dementia and senior citizens in the web application.

4.    To test and evaluate the acceptability
of the system in terms of functionality, reliability and usability from
respective users.

 

 

 

1.4 Scope and Limitations

Scope 

•      
The
system will provide the location of the missing person and notify the member of
the family or when the patient moved away from their home address or constant
location.

•      
The web
application will give and update a list of the missing cases whether they are
found or not.

•      
The
hardware used is built from microcontroller modules and GPS sensor designed only
for prototyping.

•      
The
main reasons of the cases of missing person:

a.         Alzheimer’s
Diseases

b.         Senior
Citizen with Dementia

c.         People
with Mental Illness

Limitations

•      
The
hardware does not detect any psychological changes such as “Anxiety, Agitation,
Hallucination, Paranoia, etc.” in case the symptoms occur.

•      
Several
locations are not very accurate or within the radius which is depending on the
signals of the GPS sensor.

•      
The
system will only run on android operating system.