Career Development Plan &Management DevelopmentIntroductionIn the drastically changing corporate world with determination to the tourism & travelling industry, companies around the globe are attempting their best to guarantee survival through distinctive one of a kind & vital managerial skills & experiences. Through those skills & expertise, companies set out their key positions in the tourism & travel markets to invade their esteemed recommendation. Managerial developments in individuals’ career objectives can create differences for companies get competitive advantage. Companies all over the world are presently putting profound concern over forms to preserve a special structure of their management to sustain capable keys to seize the tourist destinations. The Virgin Holidays Limited has been chosen as the hospitality organisation to make analyses. Brief of the Chosen Hospitality OrganisationVirgin Holidays Limited Company headquartered in the VHQ in Crawley, West Sussex was chosen for the assignment. It is a tour operator operating since 1985. Initially Virgin Holidays Limited Company sold seats on Virgin Atlantic routes, but currently the organisation provides tourism & hospitality services in parallel to the primitive airline services across the United Kingdom. The organisation is currently regarded as the most successful and the oldest long-haul tour operator in the UK. The Virgin Holidays Limited company provides holiday offers & packages through variety of hospitality services worldwide including destinations like USA, Canada, Africa, the Caribbean, the Indian Ocean, India, the South Pacific, the Middle East, Australia, & the Far East. The company holds more than 100 retail concessions across the United Kingdom in Debenhams, Tesco, Sainsbury’s, the House of Fraser, & pop-up shops which are already running operations throughout the United Kingdom. Virgin Holidays Limited has special ski program & the specialist cruise division of its own namely the “Virgin Holidays Cruises” & the “Worldwide Journeys” for touring holidays. ContentsIntroduction 2Brief of the Chosen Hospitality Organisation 2Task 1 4(A)-Comparison of Different Management Styles & Discussion on Leadership Characteristics of Senior Managers 4(B)-Evaluating Communication Process & Analysing Organisational Culture 5Task 2 6(A)-Assessing Own Management & Performance Skills & Analysing Own Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, & Threats 6(B)-Setting & Prioritising Objectives & Targets to Develop Own Potentials 8Task 3 9(A)-Leading & Motivating a Team to Achieve an Agreed Goal & Objective 9(B)-Justifications of Managerial Decisions & Recommendations for Improvements 9Task 4 11(A)-Explanation of How Own Managerial & Personal Skills Will Support Career Development & Set the Agenda for Future 11(B)-Review of Career & Personal Development Needs, Current Performance & Future Needs to Produce a Development Plan with Career Goals & Objectives 11Conclusion 13References 15Task 1(A)-Comparing Different Management Styles & Discussion on Leadership Characteristics of Senior ManagersVarious management styles are seen nowadays in hospitality sector. Different management styles can be used in different situations (Anderson, 2008). The decision regarding the use of these styles require the managers to have leadership characteristics which enables them to act according to the situation. The comparison of different management styles are-Directive StyleThis management style requires direct compliance of the employees, which is the primary issue for this management style. The style is also known as the coercive style. This style is effective when there is a crisis or the employees are deviant & is ineffective when the employees are unskilled or very much skilled. Authoritative StyleThe management style that has the primary objective to provide the employees with long-term direction & vision, where the employees are motivated by persuasion & feedback of performance, is kown as the authoritative management style. Affiliative StyleIn this management style, the primary objective of the managers is creating harmony among the employees & with the managers as well (Acemoglu and Autor, 2010). This management style avoids conflicts & disputes matters through making people happy.Participative StyleThe management style that seeks to increase consensus among the employees within the organisation, where the employees are rewarded for good performance & are allowed to participate in the decision making process, is called the participative management style.Coaching StyleThis management style helps the employees to improve their through providing them with opportunities to have professional development by encouraging the employees to improve their personal strengths & performance (Belbin, 2010). This style is effective when the employees lack expertise & is ineffective when performance discrepancy is great. Not all managers can become leaders. There are pre-occupied characteristics that make a senior manager, a leader. The leadership characteristics are as follows:Getting ResultsThe senior managers are regarded the front-line people through whom organisations achieve their goals & objectives. Getting results out of all the activities they do is one of the key leadership characteristics of senior managersLeading through ExamplesEffective managers have the leadership ability of providing examples every time they teach their employees (Austin, 2012). They provide real-life business examples of different business situations to aid in ease of understanding for the employees.Solving ProblemsSolving any tactical or strategic problem that may arise while carrying out operations is one of the most invigorating leadership characteristics of senior managers. Their problem solving ability create a path for future financial strength for the firm.Sharing ResponsibilitiesThe top level managers in every organisations, whether business or non-business, have a common leadership characteristic of sharing the responsibilities with fellow colleagues. They share responsibilities to ensure decentralization of power as well.These are, in general, the common characteristics of senior managers. (B)-Evaluating Communication Process & Analysing Organisational CultureBecoming the management trainee at the chosen hospitality company namely Virgin Holidays, we would communicate with distinctive specialists in an unexpected way (Escudeiro and Escudeiro, 2011). For example, in executing examination of the assembly of our conduct for the subordinates would be to make beyond any doubt of their nearness in the assembly in a neighbourly way & at the assembly our conduct would be to make them get it around the prepare of evaluation or execution estimation. For peers, we would conducting meetings with respect to the execution for the period, examining the reasons for destitute execution & how to make strides execution etc. (Cook, 2008). And to the administrators, we conduct as understudies through communicating with them with respect to our execution, inquiring them of arrangements for any work issue & how can we move forward our execution. Task 2(A)-Assessing Own Management & Performance Skills & Analysing Own Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, & ThreatsCompanies utilize in characterising the work that needed to be performed, & the capacities that are required to be carried out in the parts that the representatives of an organization are responsible for (Fisher and Fisher, 2008). In arrange to guarantee that the employments or capacities are carried out truly companies utilize to characterize work obligations in an endorsed way. From the encounters in Virgin Holidays Limited., the management & performance skills can be shownas: speaking to & advancing Virgin Holidays ltd with the items & administrations it serves through distinctive outlet frameworks; conducting the strategy of outbound lead take after up calls from the clients through phone or e-mail to qualify leads & to guarantee deals of the items & administrations (Hu?lsheger and Anderson, 2008); giving the clients with arrangements to cost, credit terms, deals contracts & the time of conveyance based on firm’s inner generation & conveyance frameworks; gathering & examining data that equires recognition in arranging to jump the risky circumstances; etc.SWOT AnalysisStrengths Weaknesses Opportunities ThreatsMy own strengths include maintaining better communication up above & down to middle management; advancing business operations through conducting researches regarding the short-haul & long-haul tours or holiday packages; dealing with various suppliers & vendors & getting the best out of any deal; strengthening strong relationships with those suppliers & vendors; attracting potential customers & reaching maximum customers through developing quality itinerary & brochures; having comprehensive understanding regarding various giant travel & tourism markets around the world; etc. My own analysis has showed the following weaknesses: getting to know the variety of taste, interests, & needs of potential customers in advance; lacking expertise in dealing with inadequate resources to extend other travel & tourism services; having control over lower level management; lacking expertise in dealing sudden business problem like sudden customer demands while having the tour; maintaining the dealings with the travel airlines or transportation agencies; lacking expertise in scheduling timescales properly; insufficient knowledge in linking the stages chronologically; inadequate knowledge in delegating work-loads; etc. My opportunities depend on the situation of the travel & tourism markets around the world, nonetheless the most reachable ones include: ensuring greater holiday packages’ execution; making sure of the greatest levels of customer satisfaction through providing them with the best of all-inclusive tour services; yielding the maximum amount of outcomes from holiday packages through making reasonable negotiation with the suppliers & vendors; figuring out the elements to be included in the services & put into the itinerary & brochure; extending the products, i.e. tour programs or holiday packages through reaching the giant markets of travel & tourism; The threats of personal & management skills in terms of travel & tourism industry include: expertise lacking in dealing with sudden upsurge of demands for holiday packages; complying with the changing demands depending on seasonal variations; maintaining consistent amount of products’ sales during the off-seasons; ensuring symmetrical distribution of revenues across the financial period; making sure of entrance to the emerging travel & tourism markets due to lack of sufficient knowledge about those markets; competing with the giant travel agencies or tour operators of the emerging markets or tourist destinations; finding out new & strong markets of tourist destinations; etc. (B)-Setting & Prioritising Objectives & Targets to Develop Own PotentialsAll of the managers within a business firm whether hospitality or not need to have common targets and objectives. The execution of those objectives & targets may be representative of the company’s own targets (Józefowicz, 2010). In competing with the quickly growing hospitality markets across the world, the managers should set out targets & objectives. The goals & targets that may be in my incorporated settings may include: completing the strategy of propelling item arrange & getting the endorsement of deals; concentrating on assembling the target deals per day, week, month, quarter or year; getting the target clients; accomplishing a sound deals run rate for the organization (James W. Over., 2011); diminishing stock holding costs by executing a modern stock control framework; reducing the dollar esteem of stock misfortune; actualizing vitality & productivity programs to guarantee a diminish in overhead costs; etc.The SMART objectives can help to add sense in this regard as well, since the ‘SMART’ here, stands for:Specific: Making arrangements for the number of endorsement deals 1 tour package per month. Measurable: Assembling the targets on per day basis.Attainable: One tour holiday package can be attained every month.Relevant: Making at least one tour package attainable is quite relevant in prioritising the career at tourism.Time-Bound: The results of the objectives’ achievement can be checked following previous year’s performances. Task 3(A)-Leading & Motivating a Team to Achieve an Agreed Goal & ObjectiveThroughout the history of business developments by the employees, motivating the employees has continuously been the most invigorating tool to progress the quality of executing firms’ activities (Mirel, 2004). It proceeds many processes to drive the work intensions of a company to work for the finest outcomes expected. With the intension of reaching an agreed goal & objective, I would lead & motivate the team in making positive picture of the company’s victory; ensure the extraordinary accomplishments of distinctive celebrities & experts through appearing their travel towards victory can be appeared (Marchington and Wilkinson, 2012); clear the way for group task or bunch work through making great relationship among the specialists; prepare the representatives in adjusting to the work environment; improve communication with respect to the objectives of the company; utilize diverse support strategies for diverse workers; give input on behaviour, not the individual; create a climate of shared believe; clarify the desires & make beyond any doubt that the representatives get it those; empower representatives to take an interest in choice making; appear intrigued in each employee’s work; give quick & important criticism to progress execution in the foreseeable future; etc.(B)-Justifications of Managerial Decisions & Recommendations for ImprovementsAfter making appropriate analyses of the managerial decisions we provided from our skills & experiences, we justified our viability with the built up objectives & targets to determine how much competent we were in assembling those targets & objectives (Proctor, 2010). Since the workers share the targets, all the workers together could get the ideal results to come about. We attempted to dispatch more up to date items by talking to the client in the most invigorating way to identify their needs, reach the target deals by showing products’ highlights & administrations (VanGundy, 1987). Again, they need the slightest one unused client per day through making great picture of the company so that more client would come, accomplish a great deals run rate through guaranteeing a great stock control framework, which in turn made a difference to reduce the esteem of stock misfortune. We have come up with diverse vitality & effectiveness programs to diminish the overhead costs. The travel & tourism corporations or the tour operators utilize various characteristics in making the employees work towards their own needs that needs performance, & the capacities that is required to be carried out in the parts that the workers of an organization are responsible for. In arrange to guarantee that the employment opportunities or capacities are carried out truly that companies may utilize to characterize work obligations in the most viable & endorsed ways. Recommendations for ImprovementsManagers are increasing the rate of turnover by resigning which is a profoundly concerned circumstance in each company. The turnover rate, in common, arises due to disgraceful assessment of workers’ commitment, instability in getting paid up, sadness due to target deals past capacity etc. (Falcone, 2010). Whatever, the general process is to create such circumstance where employees can be kept within the control through taking after the proposals portrayed underneath: letting the representatives know around their duties in basic conduct; making legitimate assessment of each employee’s commitment towards the accomplishment of goals (Johnstone, 2010); propelling the work pools; empowering gather work; Setting a sensible target for any particular period, that is, setting the target deals which falls underneath the capacity of the workers; etc. The chosen company should be cautious while utilizing any methodology to unravel issues, a firm must make beyond any doubt of the affect so caused by the procedure on the trade as well. The impacts can be positive or negative depending on the choice of the methodology. The impacts of actualizing procedure may include: Virgin company’s employing the “deductive or top-down” method, at that point there will scope for running the company’s other operations as well at the same time of understanding the issue, since the methodology breaks issues into sub issues guaranteeing less time utilization. There is negative affect as well, since it is not beyond any doubt that whether the issue is associated work assignments. However, on the off chance that Virgin company ltd. employs the “inductive or the bottom up” method, at that point there may emerge issue of breakdown of typical operations, since in this technique common issues are not unravelled to begin with. Once more common issues happen exceptionally frequently, so the progression can lead to a distant more noteworthy issue in the future.Task 4(A)-Explanation of How Own Managerial & Personal Skills Will Support Career Development & Set the Agenda for FutureConfronting distinctive work based issues while working in an organization is exceptionally common marvel (Marchington and Wilkinson, 2012). From Virgin Holidays Ltd., we came up with a few instruments & strategies to illuminate any issues related to work & work environment. The skills & methods are really a chronological prepare that needs to be taken after in steps such as: Identifying & understanding the problem When yield is not palatable or the errands are not being completed, there must be a few downsides related with the work. Virgin has to begin with of all recognize & get it the drawbacks. The concerned company should be aware enough to anticipate problems & prepare solutions. Setting out a plan After making examination of the skills & experiences, the individual needs to set out arrange to think of activities & organize the actions. Planning completes half of the work. Good planning can ensure successful resolution of the problems. Putting the arrange in effect When fundamental activities are figured out & compiled, the individual needs to carry out the arrange concurring to foreordained schedule. Virgin company has to apply the policies or mechanisms emerged from the planning. There should be lesser standard deviations. Mistakes should not be repeated. The controlling mechanismsMaking sure that in future career that the control mechanisms learnt from the experiences in Virgin Holidays Limited will be applied to develop professionalism. More deviations from the standard performance should never happen. Sufficient corrective actions should be taken to avoid repeated mistakes. (B)-Review of Career & Personal Development Needs, Current Performance & Future Needs to Produce a Development Plan with Career Goals & ObjectivesThere are a few ways to make review of various career & personal development needs which are accessible to Virgin Holidays Ltd. that helps candidates to come up with most noteworthy yields as professional. The diverse elective needs are reviewed in the following manner:Need to Recognise Contribution The individuals can actualize acknowledgment programs to realize each member’s commitment to the objective accomplishment & remunerate correspondingly. Recognition always works. The individuals should be recognised & praised for their performance. Need to Define Objectives Clearly We need to define our objectives clearly to show the firms that we can guarantee the leading yield from a group in case it clearly characterizes the errands & parts each member has to play. Clear definition of objectives makes it easier for individuals to go along with the plan. Need to Encourage Sociability The need to get the most excellent out of any individual to develop plans for future, we need to make sure that the individuals inside our team or group are amiable to each other & create relationships that are simpatico in nature (Hild and Wach, 2010). Social encouragement also paves the way for recognition. Need to Identify Problem There is a common need to recognize the problem generating issues that may exist in a group, since the issues, in case not illuminated right absent, may obstruct team’s work progress. Several measures should be taken into effect to identify problems that may arise. ConclusionBusiness firms in these days have complex work issues & when it comes to the tourism & travelling industry, the circumstance is more awful. Experts have come up with distinctive instruments & methods to jump such issues through concentrating primarily on the workers. 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